Over time, I will be writing about the history behind these special education laws, but for now, here is a list of Special Education Laws or at least the significant ones:
US Special Education Laws
- Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA): This US special education law ensures all children with disabilities receive a free and appropriate public education (FAPE) that meets their unique needs.
This law is important for several reasons:
- Ensures equal access to education: IDEA guarantees that children with disabilities have the same right to an education as children without disabilities. This means that children with disabilities cannot be denied admission to public schools or be excluded from educational programs.
- Provides specialized services and support: IDEA requires that children with disabilities receive individualized education plans (IEPs) that outline the specialized services and support they need to succeed in school. This includes accommodations such as specialized instruction, assistive technology, and therapies.
- Promotes inclusion: IDEA requires that children with disabilities be educated in the least restrictive environment possible. This means that children with disabilities should be educated alongside their peers without disabilities to the greatest extent possible.
- Protects parental rights: IDEA requires that parents be involved in the decision-making process for their child’s education. This includes the development of the child’s IEP and any changes to the plan.
5. Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA): This US special education law replaced NCLB, allowing states to measure student progress and hold schools accountable for their performance.
6. Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA): This law protects the privacy of student education records and gives parents the right to access and review their child’s records.
These are just a few US special education laws that govern special education programs in the United States. Each one plays a crucial role in the development and ability to move forward in educating students who qualify for these services.