Paralysis is the loss of the ability to move or control the movement of a part of the body. It occurs when the muscles no longer receive the signals from the brain or spinal cord to move. Paralysis can affect a single muscle, a group of muscles, or an entire body region, depending on the underlying cause and severity.
There are many different types and causes of paralysis, including spinal cord injuries, strokes, infections, autoimmune disorders, and nerve damage from diseases like multiple sclerosis. The symptoms of paralysis can range from mild weakness to complete loss of sensation and movement.
Depending on the location and extent of the paralysis, treatment options may include physical therapy, occupational therapy, medications, and in some cases, surgery. Treatment aims to restore as much function as possible and improve the person’s quality of life.